Industrial Clusters and CSR in Developing Countries: The Role of International Donor Funding

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    This article contributes to literature on corporate social responsibility (CSR) exhibited by industrial clusters in developing countries. The authors conceptualize and empirically investigate the role of donor-funded CSR initiatives aimed at promoting collective action by cluster-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). A case study of the Sialkot football-manufacturing cluster in Pakistan indicates that donor-funded support of CSR initiatives in industrial clusters in developing countries may be short-lived, due to the political economy of aid, the national context of CSR implementation, tensions within SME networks, and negative perceptions of CSR by the cluster-based SMEs themselves. The findings and implications of this analysis can inform both research and policy making in this area
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Business Ethics
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)619–637
    Number of pages19
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

    Bibliographical note

    Published 17. November 2015


    • Corporate social responsibility
    • Donors
    • Football manufacturing
    • Industrial clusters
    • Sialkot
    • SME networking
    • Pakistan

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