In Science Communication, why does the Idea of a Public Deficit Always Return?

Gitte Meyer

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    Abstract

    For centuries, science communication has been widely perceived, irrespective of context, as a didactic enterprise. That understanding does not accommodate a political category of science communication, featuring citizens on an equal footing – some of them scientists – who share responsibility for public affairs and represent different points of view and ways of reasoning. That may harm, at the same time and for the same reasons, democratic knowledge societies as political entities and science as a body of knowledge and rational methodology. Scientists are discursively excluded from the public. The public is perceived in terms of knowledge deficiency. The latter perception has survived decades of critique, accompanied by attempts, along an everyman-as-scientist logic, to include all citizens in the scientific endeavour. But why should all be scientists? With respect to practical-political issues – as distinct from technical-scientific ones – the acknowledgement of the citizenship of scientists seems more relevant. Only, this would challenge the widespread understanding of science as an all-purpose problem solver and the consequent ideas of politics.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPublic Understanding of Science
    Volume25
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)433-446
    Number of pages14
    ISSN0963-6625
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2016

    Keywords

    • Deficit model
    • Knowledge societies
    • Popularisation
    • practical reason
    • Science didactics
    • Science in society

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