Imagining ‘Non-nationality’: Cosmopolitanism as a Source of Identity and Belonging

Irene Skovgaard-Smith, Flemming Poulfelt

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Current literature tends to see cosmopolitan identity formation as an individual endeavour of developing a stance of openness, and transcending discourses of national and other cultural identities. This article challenges the essentialism inherent in this model by proposing a different framing of cosmopolitan identity formation that shifts the focus to how people collectively mobilize cosmopolitanism as a resource for cultural identity construction. The article is based on an anthropological study of transnational professionals who are part of a diverse expatriate community in Amsterdam. The analysis shows how these professionals draw on cosmopolitanism to define themselves as ‘non-nationals’. This involves downplaying national affiliations and cultural differences while also marking national identity categories and ‘cultural features’ to maintain the difference they collectively embrace. This, however, does not imply openness to all otherness. Boundary drawing to demarcate the cosmopolitan ‘us’ in relation to national (mono)culture is equally important. The article argues that cosmopolitan identities are socially accomplished as particular modes of collective belonging that are part of – not beyond – a global discursive sphere of identity politics.
Current literature tends to see cosmopolitan identity formation as an individual endeavour of developing a stance of openness, and transcending discourses of national and other cultural identities. This article challenges the essentialism inherent in this model by proposing a different framing of cosmopolitan identity formation that shifts the focus to how people collectively mobilize cosmopolitanism as a resource for cultural identity construction. The article is based on an anthropological study of transnational professionals who are part of a diverse expatriate community in Amsterdam. The analysis shows how these professionals draw on cosmopolitanism to define themselves as ‘non-nationals’. This involves downplaying national affiliations and cultural differences while also marking national identity categories and ‘cultural features’ to maintain the difference they collectively embrace. This, however, does not imply openness to all otherness. Boundary drawing to demarcate the cosmopolitan ‘us’ in relation to national (mono)culture is equally important. The article argues that cosmopolitan identities are socially accomplished as particular modes of collective belonging that are part of – not beyond – a global discursive sphere of identity politics.
LanguageEnglish
JournalHuman Relations
Volume71
Issue number2
Pages129-154
Number of pages26
ISSN0018-7267
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Published online: 19., September 2017

Keywords

  • Cosmopolitanism
  • Cosmopolitan identity formation
  • Cultural identity and belonging
  • Expatriate communities
  • Global mobility
  • Self-initiated expatriates
  • Skilled migration
  • Translocality
  • Transnational professionals

Cite this

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Imagining ‘Non-nationality’ : Cosmopolitanism as a Source of Identity and Belonging. / Skovgaard-Smith, Irene; Poulfelt, Flemming.

In: Human Relations, Vol. 71, No. 2, 2018, p. 129-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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