How Learning Spaces Matter in Entrepreneurship Education: Introducing the Concept of Topopraxis

Bo Christensen*, Kasper Merling Arendt, Daniel Hjorth

*Corresponding author for this work

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Research into entrepreneurship education has explored content, audience and pedagogy but much is still to be studied when it comes to the spatial dimensions of learning – that is, where entrepreneurship is taught, how this matters for pedagogies used, and the implications for learning. We seek to strengthen a theoretical foundation for understanding learning spaces and the spatial dimensions in entrepreneurship education (EE). We extend the teaching model framework by Fayolle and Gailly, to develop a conceptual model that relates place and pedagogy into learning spaces in EE, informed by recent pedagogical trends in experiential learning and design pedagogy. The model concerns the where-how, the topopraxis, of two types of learning spaces in team-based EE that are grounded in theory on the spatial dimensions of social interaction pertaining to team ‘territory’, and stakeholder proximity. The model proposes that topopraxis in EE programmes will impact learning processes and outcomes in the form of team relationship building, conceptual development , and student identity formation. To illustrate the applicability of the model, we analyse two cases of EE programmes, both conducted in studio environments, but differing in topopraxes and learning outcomes. Finally, we offer implications for EE research, and for the design of entrepreneurship programmes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEntrepreneurship & Regional Development
Issue number3-4
Pages (from-to)317-336
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Learning space
  • Entrepreneurship education
  • Design thinking
  • Studio-based learning
  • Experiential learning
  • Learning outcomes

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