How Behavior Change Support Systems Influence Self-efficacy: A Qualitative Study Using Wearables

Annamina Rieder, Christiane Lehrer, Reinhard Jung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Although Behavior Change Support Systems (BCSS) are gaining ground in the field of health in-terventions, we lack an empirically grounded understanding of how the behavior change tech-niques (BCTs) that are implemented in BCSS influence behavioral outcomes. Based on the self-efficacy theory, we conduct narrative interviews to investigate the process along which BCTs ap-plied in wearable activity trackers (WATs) influence users’ perceived self-efficacy and behaviors. We find three patterns that show how WATs’ BCTs feed certain information sources on which users build their self-efficacy beliefs. We identify a positive path (i.e., high self-efficacy, leading to com-pliant behavior) and a negative path (i.e., low self-efficacy, leading to non-compliant behavior) for each of these patterns. Our findings indicate that, under certain circumstances and/or at a cer-tain level of task difficulty, BCTs inflict adverse effects on users’ perceptions of their self-efficacy and their subsequent behavioral responses. Our results provide insights for theory and practice into how BCSS affect perceptions of self-efficacy and behavior changes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS)
Number of pages16
Place of PublicationAtlanta, GA
PublisherAssociation for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL)
Publication date2019
Article number126
ISBN (Print)9781733632508
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventThe 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) 2019: Information Systems for a Sharing Society - Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 8 Jun 201914 Jun 2019
Conference number: 27
http://ecis2019.eu/

Conference

ConferenceThe 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) 2019
Number27
LocationStockholm University
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period08/06/201914/06/2019
Internet address
SeriesProceedings of the European Conference on Information Systems
ISSN0000-0034

Keywords

  • Behavior change support systems
  • Self-efficacy
  • Behavior change
  • Wearable
  • Process

Cite this

Rieder, A., Lehrer, C., & Jung, R. (2019). How Behavior Change Support Systems Influence Self-efficacy: A Qualitative Study Using Wearables. In Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) [126] Atlanta, GA: Association for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL). Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Systems
Rieder, Annamina ; Lehrer, Christiane ; Jung, Reinhard. / How Behavior Change Support Systems Influence Self-efficacy : A Qualitative Study Using Wearables. Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS). Atlanta, GA : Association for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL), 2019. (Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Systems).
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abstract = "Although Behavior Change Support Systems (BCSS) are gaining ground in the field of health in-terventions, we lack an empirically grounded understanding of how the behavior change tech-niques (BCTs) that are implemented in BCSS influence behavioral outcomes. Based on the self-efficacy theory, we conduct narrative interviews to investigate the process along which BCTs ap-plied in wearable activity trackers (WATs) influence users’ perceived self-efficacy and behaviors. We find three patterns that show how WATs’ BCTs feed certain information sources on which users build their self-efficacy beliefs. We identify a positive path (i.e., high self-efficacy, leading to com-pliant behavior) and a negative path (i.e., low self-efficacy, leading to non-compliant behavior) for each of these patterns. Our findings indicate that, under certain circumstances and/or at a cer-tain level of task difficulty, BCTs inflict adverse effects on users’ perceptions of their self-efficacy and their subsequent behavioral responses. Our results provide insights for theory and practice into how BCSS affect perceptions of self-efficacy and behavior changes.",
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Rieder, A, Lehrer, C & Jung, R 2019, How Behavior Change Support Systems Influence Self-efficacy: A Qualitative Study Using Wearables. in Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS)., 126, Association for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL), Atlanta, GA, Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Systems, Stockholm, Sweden, 08/06/2019.

How Behavior Change Support Systems Influence Self-efficacy : A Qualitative Study Using Wearables. / Rieder, Annamina; Lehrer, Christiane ; Jung, Reinhard.

Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS). Atlanta, GA : Association for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL), 2019. 126 (Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Systems).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Rieder A, Lehrer C, Jung R. How Behavior Change Support Systems Influence Self-efficacy: A Qualitative Study Using Wearables. In Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS). Atlanta, GA: Association for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL). 2019. 126. (Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Systems).