Harambee: A Novel Usability Evaluation Method for Low-End Users in Kenya

Cecilia Oyugi, José Abdelnour-Nocera, Torkil Clemmensen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


    The research reported in this paper seeks to advance the discussion on cultural usability and its implementation among non-western users. This investigation focuses on the effect of culture on the quality of usability evaluation results among Kenyan young professionals and Kenyan farmers. Literature review and field observation studies were used to develop a theoretical framework, which in turn was used to scaffold a usability evaluation method 'Harambee', depicting working together during the evaluation exercise. The 'Harambee' and Retrospective Protocol methods were implemented and usability results compared. The quality of the farmers' usability results consistently improved with the 'Harambee' method but not so with the young professionals. Despite being from the same culture-group, the effect of culture on quality of usability results seems to differ among high-end and low-end users. Consequently, when adapting UEMs, there is a need to go beyond the national cultural level and focus on the user-type too.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNordiCHI '14. Proceedings of the 8th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction : Fun, Fast, Foundational
    EditorsThomas Olsson, Ebba Hvannberg
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
    Publication dateOct 2014
    ISBN (Print)9781450325424
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014
    EventThe 8th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Fun, Fast, Foundational - Helsinki, Finland
    Duration: 26 Oct 201430 Oct 2014
    Conference number: 8


    ConferenceThe 8th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction
    Internet address

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