Governing and Financing Affordable Housing at the Intersection of the Market and the State: Denmark’s Private Non-profit Housing System

Luise Noring, David Struthers, Adam Grydehøj*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Denmark’s private non-profit housing (almene boliger) sector provides affordable housing and social housing and is capable of being self-governing and self-financing. We examine the private non-profit housing sector’s governance and financing model and assess the extent to which its institutional framework and revolving funds model allow it to serve as a role model for the development of affordable housing in other countries and cities. The paper concludes that while Denmark’s private non-profit housing system has succeeded in providing affordable housing with relatively low levels of public financing, its exposure to state intervention risks weakening its governance and financial power.
Original languageEnglish
JournalUrban Research & Practice
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)258-274
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Published online: 5. August 2020.


  • Affordable housing
  • Copenhagen
  • Denmark
  • Financing
  • Governance
  • Housing policy
  • Urban

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