Global Value Chains and Supplier Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Case Study of Garment Manufacturers in Myanmar

Jinsun Bae*, Peter Lund-Thomsen, Adam Lindgreen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Suppliers are embedded simultaneously in the global value chains (GVCs) of their lead firms and in the countries in which they conduct their production activities. To explain supplier perceptions of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in GVCs, in this article, we develop a new typology by integrating buyer governance modes in GVCs and forms of supplier embeddedness (societal, network, and territorial). We advance literature on supplier perspectives on CSR in GVCs through an analysis of 19 garment manufacturers in Myanmar and their CSR perceptions, using in-depth field-work, interviews, and secondary data. The empirical findings indicate a variety of supplier perceptions of CSR, depending on the governance mode of the GVCs and the variegated combinations of societal, network, and territorial embeddedness. Understanding supplier CSR perceptions and their implementation in GVCs thus requires moving away from a sole focus on supplier responses to standardized codes of conduct and towards a greater consideration of different types of supplier embeddedness.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Networks
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)653-680
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Published online: 16. August


  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Embeddedness
  • Global value chains
  • Governance
  • Myanmar
  • Suppliers

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