Gender Interactions Within the Family Firm

Mario Daniele Amore, Orsola Garofalo, Alessandro Minichilli

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We analyze whether gender interactions at the top of the corporate hierarchy affect corporate performance. Using a comprehensive data set of family-controlled firms in Italy, we find that female directors significantly improve the operating profitability of female-led companies. To mitigate endogeneity concerns, we assess executive transitions using a triple-difference approach complemented by propensity score matching and instrumental variables. Finally, we show that the positive effect of female interactions on profitability is reduced when the firm is located in geographic areas characterized by gender prejudices and when the firm is large.
Original languageEnglish
JournalManagement Science
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1083-1097
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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