Gender Gaps from Labor Market Shocks

Ria Ivandic, Anne Sophie Lassen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Job loss leads to persistent adverse labor market outcomes, but assessments of gender differences in labor market recovery are lacking. We utilize plant closures in Denmark to estimate gender gaps in labor market outcomes and document that women face an increased risk of unemployment and lose a larger share of their earnings in the two years following job displacement. The majority of the gender gap in unemployment remains after accounting for observable differences in human capital across men and women. In a standard decomposition framework, we document that child care imposes an important barrier to women’s labor market recovery regardless of individual characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102394
JournalLabour Economics
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Published online: 26 May 2023.


  • Gender gaps
  • Childcare
  • Job loss

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