Gangs and Knife Crime in London

Tom Kirchmaier, Steve Machin, Carmen Villa-Llera

Research output: Working paperResearch

Abstract

We describe the socio-economic characteristics of street-gang areas in London, explore gang formation dynamics, and analyse the spatial correlation between gangs and violent crime. Gang areas form in areas with higher unemployment, lower education, and a higher proportion of lone-parent families. Social housing is one of the key predictors of gang areas. Areas that are gang territories have higher levels of crime in various crime categories. Both having a gang in an area and proximity to a gang correlate positively with violent crime. We estimate the short-term effect of disrupting a gang within a borough as decreasing knife crime on ward level by about 15%.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherCentre for Economic Performance (CEP), London School of Economics and Political Science
Number of pages27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
SeriesCEP Discussion Paper

Bibliographical note

An earlier version of this research project was distributed under the title “Murders in London” in July 2018.

Keywords

  • Crime
  • Policing
  • Gangs
  • Knife
  • Homicide

Cite this

Kirchmaier, T., Machin, S., & Villa-Llera, C. (2020). Gangs and Knife Crime in London. Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), London School of Economics and Political Science. CEP Discussion Paper https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3521766