This paper investigates the relationship between the value capture of multinational subsidiaries and functional upgrading, which is defined as a diversification of employment from primary business functions to higher value adding activities such as ICT, R&D, marketing or logistics. By combining survey-based business function indicators with longitudinal accounting data for a representative sample of multinational subsidiaries located in six Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs), we assess the impact of functional upgrading on foreign subsidiaries' value capture. The results provide robust evidence that the breadth as well as the scope of functional upgrading induces an upward shift of subsidiaries' value added. The effect of functional upgrading is stronger in the earlier phases after entry of the foreign investor, while the long-term growth trend remains unaffected.
- Subsidiary development
- Functional upgrading
- Value added
Burger, A., Jindra, B., Marek, P., & Rojec, M. (2018). Functional Upgrading and Value Capture of Multinational Subsidiaries. Journal of International Management, 24(2), 108-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intman.2017.09.004