Foreign Operation Modes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEncyclopedia chapterResearchpeer-review


In this entry, we account for research on foreign operation modes (FOMs) with an emphasis on the dynamic aspect— i.e., the decisions to expand, switch and add operation modes in a foreign country after initial entry. As highlighted in the entry on foreign entry mode, the overwhelming bulk of research has focused on the mode chosen by a company at the moment in time when it decides to go into a particular location to pursue some business activity there. While research on initial entry mode choices has developed into a mature international business (IB) sub-field, studies of firms’ post-entry decisions are somewhat fewer and in general of a newer date.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of International Strategic Management
EditorsChristian Geisler Asmussen, Niron Hashai, Dana Minbaeva
Number of pages8
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Publication date2024
ISBN (Print)9781800884038
ISBN (Electronic)9781800884045
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Foreign operation modes
  • Expansion
  • Within-mode changes
  • Multiple modes
  • Mode dynamics

Cite this