Football, Alcohol, and Domestic Abuse

Ria Ivandic, Tom Kirchmaier*, Yasaman Saeidi, Neus Torres-Blas

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We study the role of alcohol and emotions in explaining the dynamics in domestic abuse following major football games. We match confidential and uniquely detailed individual call data from Greater Manchester with the timing of football matches over a period of eight years to estimate the effect on domestic abuse. We find that a football game changes the dynamics of abuse throughout the day. We first observe a decrease in incidents during the 2-hour duration of the game suggesting a substitution effect of football and domestic abuse. However, following the initial decrease, and after the game, domestic abuse starts increasing and peaks about ten hours after the game. We find that these effects are the strongest for early games and are driven by male perpetrators that had consumed alcohol. We find that football games lead to changing the dynamics from earlier to later periods in the day consistent with displacement effects, yet in the case when games are early and the perpetrator is alcoholized, football games lead to a cumulative increase in abuse. Unexpected game results are not found to differently affect domestic abuse dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105031
JournalJournal of Public Economics
Volume230
Number of pages14
ISSN0047-2727
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Published online: 21 December 2023.

Keywords

  • Domestic abuse
  • Crime
  • Alcohol
  • Football

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