Firm Search for External Knowledge: How Institutions Matter for Innovation Performance

Wolfgang Sofka, Christoph Grimpe

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    Abstract

    The innovation performance of modern firms is increasingly determined by their ability to search and absorb external knowledge. However, after a certain threshold firms "oversearch" their environment and innovation performance declines. In this paper, we argue that prior literature has largely ignored the institutional context that provides or denies access to external knowledge at the country level. Combining institutional and knowledge search theory, we suggest that the market orientation of the institutional environment and the
    magnitude of institutional change influence when firms begin to experience the negative performance effects of oversearch. Based on a comprehensive sample of almost 8,000 firms from ten European countries, we find that institutions matter considerably for firms' search activity. Higher market orientation of institutions increases the effectiveness of firms' search for external knowledge while higher magnitudes of institutional change decrease it. Our results provide important insights for management on how to adapt search strategies to the institutional context.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 54rd Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business
    EditorsSusan Feinberg, Tunga Kiyak
    Place of PublicationEast Lansing, MI
    PublisherAcademy of International Business
    Publication date2012
    Pages39
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    EventAIB 2012 Annual Meeting: Rethinking the Roles of Business, Government and NGOs in the Global Economy - George Washington University and University of Maryland, Washington, United States
    Duration: 30 Jun 20123 Jul 2012
    Conference number: 54
    http://aib.msu.edu/events/2012/

    Conference

    ConferenceAIB 2012 Annual Meeting
    Number54
    LocationGeorge Washington University and University of Maryland
    CountryUnited States
    CityWashington
    Period30/06/201203/07/2012
    Internet address
    SeriesAcademy of International Business. Annual Meeting. Proceedings
    Volume54
    ISSN2078-4430

    Cite this

    Sofka, W., & Grimpe, C. (2012). Firm Search for External Knowledge: How Institutions Matter for Innovation Performance. In S. Feinberg, & T. Kiyak (Eds.), Proceedings of the 54rd Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business (pp. 39). Academy of International Business. Academy of International Business. Annual Meeting. Proceedings, Vol.. 54 http://aib.msu.edu/events/2012/AIB2012_ConferenceProceedings.pdf