Using a fixed effect variance decomposition model, we estimate SUR models to analyze FDI spillovers from contagion and spillovers from competition on local firms in China. While the former type of spillover mainly depends on the degree of foreign presence in the local industry, the latter kind is related to how foreign and local firms interact. The main conclusion is that FDI has been beneficial for the Chinese economy, but that spillovers are not evenly distributed across firms and industries. Spillovers from contagion tend to exhibit an inverse U-shaped pattern with respect to the degree of foreign presence at the industry level, whereas spillovers from competition are more linear with respect to the level of technological sophistication of foreign firms. Industries with high absorptive capacity and/or high efficiency are the ones best equipped to take advantage of spillovers from foreign-owned firms. Moreover, there are signs of substantial competition between foreign-owned firms.
|Place of Publication||Frederiksberg|
|Publisher||Center for International Business and Emerging Markets, Copenhagen Business School|
|Number of pages||30|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2010|
|Series||CIBEM Working Paper Series|
- Fixed effect variance decomposition
Chen, T., Kokko, A., & Tingvall, P. G. (2010). FDI and Spillovers in China: Non-Linearity and Absorptive Capacity. Center for International Business and Emerging Markets, Copenhagen Business School. CIBEM Working Paper Series