External Environment and Upper Echelons Theory: The Missing Link

Alejandro Escribá-Esteve, Sabina Nielsen, Sibel Yamak

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review


    This work reviews empirical research on TMTs with a specific emphasis on the role of the external environment. We extend the existing research on upper echelons theory, which has largely focused on the team and firm level of analyses of top management teams (TMT). Considering institutional and industrial organization theories, we elaborate a cross-level conceptual model outlining the direct, mediating and moderating effects of the external environment on TMTs and their impact. Our review distinguishes between industry and institutional level of analyses and three types of environmental characteristics: stable, dynamic and transformational. We explain the relationships between each type of characteristics and firm upper echelons and outline possible avenues for future research.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date27 Jun 2013
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2013
    EventThe 13th European Academy of Management Conference (EURAM) 2013 - Istanbul Congress Centre, Istanbul, Turkey
    Duration: 26 Jun 201329 Jun 2013
    Conference number: 13


    ConferenceThe 13th European Academy of Management Conference (EURAM) 2013
    LocationIstanbul Congress Centre
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