Exploring the Reshoring and Insourcing Decision Making Process: Toward an Agenda for Future Research

Lydia Bals, Jon F. Kirchoff, Kai Foerstl

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    The topics of reshoring and insourcing have recently become more widely discussed among operations management and international business scholars and managers, as some firms are revoking their offshoring and outsourcing decisions. This research focuses on and clarifies the decision making processes related to the two distinct, yet closely related phenomena of reshoring and insourcing. It presents a conceptual framework of all theoretically possible reshoring and insourcing decisions, illustrated in its applicability by a review of the United States and German business press. Then four future research avenues are developed as part of an overall decision making framework together with an overview of specific research questions for this emergent field. Further research avenues include the need to differentiate between reshoring/insourcing as strategic direction or reaction to failure, studying organizational readiness in addition to decision drivers, improve coverage of the implementation stage and explore further contingency factors such as technological advancement as well as to focus on decision makers as the unit of analysis.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalOperations Management Research
    Issue number3-4
    Pages (from-to)102–116
    Number of pages15
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016


    • Reshoring
    • Insourcing
    • Research agenda
    • Offshoring
    • Outsourcing
    • Backshoring

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