Exploring an Adverse Impact of Smartphone Overuse on Academic Performance via Health Issues: A Stimulus-Organism-Response Perspective

Shaoxiong Fu, Xiaoyu Chen*, Han Zheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

While previous research suggests that smartphone overuse relates to users’ adverse health issues such as insomnia, nomophobia, and poor eyesight, few studies have explored the mediating role of such health issues in the relationship between smartphone overuse and academic performance. Guided by the Stimulus-Organism-Response (S-O-R) framework, this study develops a model to understand the relationships among students’ smartphone overuse, health issues (i.e. insomnia, nomophobia, and poor eyesight), and academic performance. Moreover, we introduce a moderating role of health information literacy in the relationship between smartphone overuse and health issues. To validate the model, we collect representative data through a large-scale field survey at a public university in China. 6,855 valid responses are retained for data analysis using a structural equation modelling technique. The main results are: (1) health issues–insomnia, nomophobia, and poor eyesight–partially mediate the relationship between smartphone overuse and students’ academic performance; (2) health information literacy can moderate the relationship between smartphone overuse and the health issues including insomnia and poor eyesight, while the relationship between smartphone overuse and nomophobia is not affected. Finally, we draw related theoretical and practical implications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBehaviour and Information Technology
Number of pages13
ISSN0144-929X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Epub ahead of print. Published online: 21 January 2020

Keywords

  • Academic performance
  • Health information literacy
  • Insomnia
  • Nomophobia
  • Smartphone overuse
  • Stimulus-organism-response (S-O-R)

Cite this