Explaining Interaction Effects Within and Across Levels of Analysis

Ulf Andersson, Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra*, Bo Bernhard Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Many manuscripts submitted to the Journal of International Business Studies propose an interaction effect in their models in an effort to explain the complexity and contingency of relationships across borders. In this article, we provide guidance on how best to explain the interaction effects theoretically within and across levels of analysis. First, in the case of interactions within the same level of analysis, we suggest that authors provide an explanation of the mechanisms that link the main independent variable to the dependent variable, and then explain how the interaction variable modifies these mechanisms. Moreover, to ensure that the arguments are theoretically complete, we suggest that authors theoretically rule out the potential reverse interaction effect between the main variable and moderating variable. Second, in the case of interactions across levels of analysis, we suggest that authors identify the cross-level nature of the moderating relationships, specify the level of analysis of the main relationship and the nested nature of the cross-level influences, and theoretically explain these cross-level influences. Additionally, we suggest that authors pay particular attention to nesting in order to theoretically rule out reverse interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Methods in International Business
EditorsLorraine Eden, Bo Bernhard Nielsen, Alain Verbeke
Number of pages19
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Publication date2020
Pages331-349
Chapter16
ISBN (Print)9783030221126
ISBN (Electronic)9783030221133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
SeriesJIBS Special Collections
ISSN2397-8775

Cite this

Andersson, U., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Nielsen, B. B. (2020). Explaining Interaction Effects Within and Across Levels of Analysis. In L. Eden, B. B. Nielsen, & A. Verbeke (Eds.), Research Methods in International Business (pp. 331-349). Palgrave Macmillan. JIBS Special Collections https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22113-3_16