Experience Matters

The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Research Summary: A learning-by-hiring approach is used to scrutinize scientists' mobility in relation to the recruiting firms' subsequent innovation output. Our starting point is that among firm hires, individuals with university research experience—hired from universities or firms—can be particularly valuable. However, conflicting institutional logics between academia and industry makes working with academic scientists challenging at times for firms. We suggest two solutions to this difficulty: hiring “ambidextrous” individuals with a mix of experience of university research and working for a technologically advanced firm, and a strong organizational research culture in the recruiting firm reflected by the presence of a scientist on the top management team. We track the mobility of R&D workers empirically using patent and linked employer-employee data. Managerial Summary: An important way to make organizations more innovative is hiring individual researchers with the right types of skills and experience. We show that individuals with university research experience beyond their final degree are particularly likely to help boost firm-level innovation output after hiring compared to R&D workers with other types of skills and experience. However, to obtain good returns to innovation from hiring such individuals, firms need a university research–friendly organizational culture when hiring individuals with university research experience, from either firms or academia.
Original languageEnglish
JournalStrategic Management Journal
Volume39
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1935-1958
Number of pages24
ISSN0143-2095
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Econometric evidence
  • Innovation output
  • Organizational research culture
  • Scientists' mobility
  • The science–technology relationship

Cite this

@article{7ad98b1a0afe474280e3d2dc945b045c,
title = "Experience Matters: The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation",
abstract = "Research Summary: A learning-by-hiring approach is used to scrutinize scientists' mobility in relation to the recruiting firms' subsequent innovation output. Our starting point is that among firm hires, individuals with university research experience—hired from universities or firms—can be particularly valuable. However, conflicting institutional logics between academia and industry makes working with academic scientists challenging at times for firms. We suggest two solutions to this difficulty: hiring “ambidextrous” individuals with a mix of experience of university research and working for a technologically advanced firm, and a strong organizational research culture in the recruiting firm reflected by the presence of a scientist on the top management team. We track the mobility of R&D workers empirically using patent and linked employer-employee data. Managerial Summary: An important way to make organizations more innovative is hiring individual researchers with the right types of skills and experience. We show that individuals with university research experience beyond their final degree are particularly likely to help boost firm-level innovation output after hiring compared to R&D workers with other types of skills and experience. However, to obtain good returns to innovation from hiring such individuals, firms need a university research–friendly organizational culture when hiring individuals with university research experience, from either firms or academia.",
keywords = "Econometric evidence, Innovation output, Organizational research culture, Scientists' mobility, The science–technology relationship, Econometric evidence, Innovation output, Organizational research culture, Scientists' mobility, The science–technology relationship",
author = "Ulrich Kaiser and H.C. Kongsted and Keld Laursen and Ann-Kathrine Ejsing",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1002/smj.2907",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "1935--1958",
journal = "Strategic Management Journal",
issn = "0143-2095",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "7",

}

Experience Matters : The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation. / Kaiser, Ulrich; Kongsted, H.C. ; Laursen, Keld; Ejsing, Ann-Kathrine.

In: Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 39, No. 7, 2018, p. 1935-1958.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experience Matters

T2 - The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation

AU - Kaiser, Ulrich

AU - Kongsted, H.C.

AU - Laursen, Keld

AU - Ejsing, Ann-Kathrine

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Research Summary: A learning-by-hiring approach is used to scrutinize scientists' mobility in relation to the recruiting firms' subsequent innovation output. Our starting point is that among firm hires, individuals with university research experience—hired from universities or firms—can be particularly valuable. However, conflicting institutional logics between academia and industry makes working with academic scientists challenging at times for firms. We suggest two solutions to this difficulty: hiring “ambidextrous” individuals with a mix of experience of university research and working for a technologically advanced firm, and a strong organizational research culture in the recruiting firm reflected by the presence of a scientist on the top management team. We track the mobility of R&D workers empirically using patent and linked employer-employee data. Managerial Summary: An important way to make organizations more innovative is hiring individual researchers with the right types of skills and experience. We show that individuals with university research experience beyond their final degree are particularly likely to help boost firm-level innovation output after hiring compared to R&D workers with other types of skills and experience. However, to obtain good returns to innovation from hiring such individuals, firms need a university research–friendly organizational culture when hiring individuals with university research experience, from either firms or academia.

AB - Research Summary: A learning-by-hiring approach is used to scrutinize scientists' mobility in relation to the recruiting firms' subsequent innovation output. Our starting point is that among firm hires, individuals with university research experience—hired from universities or firms—can be particularly valuable. However, conflicting institutional logics between academia and industry makes working with academic scientists challenging at times for firms. We suggest two solutions to this difficulty: hiring “ambidextrous” individuals with a mix of experience of university research and working for a technologically advanced firm, and a strong organizational research culture in the recruiting firm reflected by the presence of a scientist on the top management team. We track the mobility of R&D workers empirically using patent and linked employer-employee data. Managerial Summary: An important way to make organizations more innovative is hiring individual researchers with the right types of skills and experience. We show that individuals with university research experience beyond their final degree are particularly likely to help boost firm-level innovation output after hiring compared to R&D workers with other types of skills and experience. However, to obtain good returns to innovation from hiring such individuals, firms need a university research–friendly organizational culture when hiring individuals with university research experience, from either firms or academia.

KW - Econometric evidence

KW - Innovation output

KW - Organizational research culture

KW - Scientists' mobility

KW - The science–technology relationship

KW - Econometric evidence

KW - Innovation output

KW - Organizational research culture

KW - Scientists' mobility

KW - The science–technology relationship

UR - https://sfx-45cbs.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/45cbs?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&url_ctx_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info:sid/sfxit.com:azlist&sfx.ignore_date_threshold=1&rft.object_id=954921369604

U2 - 10.1002/smj.2907

DO - 10.1002/smj.2907

M3 - Journal article

VL - 39

SP - 1935

EP - 1958

JO - Strategic Management Journal

JF - Strategic Management Journal

SN - 0143-2095

IS - 7

ER -