Executive Gender, Competitive Pressures, and Corporate Performance

Mario Daniele Amore, Orsola Garofalo

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    We investigate whether the gender of top executives influences a firm’s reaction to competitive pressures. Our empirical approach is based on policy changes that varied the exposure of US banks to competition during the late 1990s. Results suggest that while banks with female executives experience significantly higher financial performance under low competition, they tend to underperform when competition increases. At the same time, we find that the presence of female leaders improves the capital stability of banks subject to greater competition. Overall, our study highlights strong interactions between executive gender and market structures in the determination of business outcomes.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization
    Pages (from-to)308-327
    Number of pages20
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016


    • Competition
    • Gender
    • Banks
    • Performance
    • Risk

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