Trait self-control has in several studies been found negatively linked to stress. These studies have, however, mostly relied on student and/or one-country samples. Study 1 investigated the generalizability of the relationship between trait self-control and stress through a four-country survey (N = 4097). The results showed consistently strong and negative relationships between trait self-control and stress across the four countries. Study 2 investigated the relationship between trait self-control and daily stress through a two-week diary study (N = 594; nobs = 7880), showing that trait self-control was negatively related to daily stress and stress variability. Together, the two studies show that trait self-control’s negative link to stress generalizes beyond students and the United States.
- Trait self-control
- Mental health
- Cross-country survey
- Diary study
Nielsen, K. S., Bauer, J. M., & Hofmann, W. (2020). Examining the Relationship between Trait Self-control and Stress: Evidence on Generalizability and Outcome Variability. Journal of Research in Personality, 84, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2019.103901