European Financial Reporting Enforcement: Analysis of Practices and Indices

Thomas Riise Johansen, Carsten Allerslev Olsen, Thomas Plenborg

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper analyses how financial reporting enforcement varies across 17 Eu-ropean countries and the extent to which enforcement indices used in the existing accounting literature capture this enforcement. Based on survey responses from European enforcement bodies and regulatory specialists, the study finds extensive variations in financial reporting enforcement across the European countries. Fur-thermore, enforcement indices used in the accounting literature do not appear to capture financial reporting enforcement. These findings should be of interest to ESMA and other enforcement bodies as well as for the use of enforcement indices in accounting research.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFinancial Reporting
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)83-123
Number of pages41
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • Financial reporting
  • Financial reporting enforcement
  • Enforcement
  • Regulation

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