English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology?

Robert Phillipson, Tove Skutnabb-Kangas

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The multilingualisms of the United Nations, the European Union, and postcommunist Europe are very different phenomena. English plays a
key role in each and is being actively promoted. The language map of Europe and linguistic hierarchies are evolving and are in need of
scrutiny so that research and policy in Europe can benefit from insights that come from theoretically informed study of language planning, policy, and legislation. Overall there seem to be two language policy options, a diffusion-of-English paradigm and an ecology-of-language paradigm. The first is characterized by triumphant capitalism, its science and technology, and a monolingual view of modernization and internationalization. The ecology-of-language paradigm involves building on linguistic diversity worldwide, promoting multilingualism and foreign language learning, and granting linguistic human rights to speakers of all languages. This article explores the assumptions of both paradigms and urges English language teaching professionals to support the latter.
The multilingualisms of the United Nations, the European Union, and postcommunist Europe are very different phenomena. English plays a
key role in each and is being actively promoted. The language map of Europe and linguistic hierarchies are evolving and are in need of
scrutiny so that research and policy in Europe can benefit from insights that come from theoretically informed study of language planning, policy, and legislation. Overall there seem to be two language policy options, a diffusion-of-English paradigm and an ecology-of-language paradigm. The first is characterized by triumphant capitalism, its science and technology, and a monolingual view of modernization and internationalization. The ecology-of-language paradigm involves building on linguistic diversity worldwide, promoting multilingualism and foreign language learning, and granting linguistic human rights to speakers of all languages. This article explores the assumptions of both paradigms and urges English language teaching professionals to support the latter.
LanguageEnglish
JournalTESOL Quarterly
Volume30
Issue number3
Pages429–452
ISSN0039-8322
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Also published in: May, S. (Eds.) (2017). Language rights (The International Library of Essays on Rights). Taylor & Francis. Chp. 8. Pg. 211-234.

Cite this

Phillipson, R., & Skutnabb-Kangas, T. (1996). English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology? TESOL Quarterly, 30(3), 429–452. DOI: 10.2307/3587692
Phillipson, Robert ; Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove. / English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology?. In: TESOL Quarterly. 1996 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 429–452
@article{84475187ddb04d32a1727a496296cef4,
title = "English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology?",
abstract = "The multilingualisms of the United Nations, the European Union, and postcommunist Europe are very different phenomena. English plays a key role in each and is being actively promoted. The language map of Europe and linguistic hierarchies are evolving and are in need of scrutiny so that research and policy in Europe can benefit from insights that come from theoretically informed study of language planning, policy, and legislation. Overall there seem to be two language policy options, a diffusion-of-English paradigm and an ecology-of-language paradigm. The first is characterized by triumphant capitalism, its science and technology, and a monolingual view of modernization and internationalization. The ecology-of-language paradigm involves building on linguistic diversity worldwide, promoting multilingualism and foreign language learning, and granting linguistic human rights to speakers of all languages. This article explores the assumptions of both paradigms and urges English language teaching professionals to support the latter.",
author = "Robert Phillipson and Tove Skutnabb-Kangas",
note = "Also published in: May, S. (Eds.) (2017). Language rights (The International Library of Essays on Rights). Taylor & Francis. Chp. 8. Pg. 211-234.",
year = "1996",
doi = "10.2307/3587692",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "429–452",
journal = "T E S O L Quarterly",
issn = "0039-8322",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

Phillipson, R & Skutnabb-Kangas, T 1996, 'English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology?' TESOL Quarterly, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 429–452. DOI: 10.2307/3587692

English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology? / Phillipson, Robert; Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove.

In: TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1996, p. 429–452.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology?

AU - Phillipson,Robert

AU - Skutnabb-Kangas,Tove

N1 - Also published in: May, S. (Eds.) (2017). Language rights (The International Library of Essays on Rights). Taylor & Francis. Chp. 8. Pg. 211-234.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The multilingualisms of the United Nations, the European Union, and postcommunist Europe are very different phenomena. English plays a key role in each and is being actively promoted. The language map of Europe and linguistic hierarchies are evolving and are in need of scrutiny so that research and policy in Europe can benefit from insights that come from theoretically informed study of language planning, policy, and legislation. Overall there seem to be two language policy options, a diffusion-of-English paradigm and an ecology-of-language paradigm. The first is characterized by triumphant capitalism, its science and technology, and a monolingual view of modernization and internationalization. The ecology-of-language paradigm involves building on linguistic diversity worldwide, promoting multilingualism and foreign language learning, and granting linguistic human rights to speakers of all languages. This article explores the assumptions of both paradigms and urges English language teaching professionals to support the latter.

AB - The multilingualisms of the United Nations, the European Union, and postcommunist Europe are very different phenomena. English plays a key role in each and is being actively promoted. The language map of Europe and linguistic hierarchies are evolving and are in need of scrutiny so that research and policy in Europe can benefit from insights that come from theoretically informed study of language planning, policy, and legislation. Overall there seem to be two language policy options, a diffusion-of-English paradigm and an ecology-of-language paradigm. The first is characterized by triumphant capitalism, its science and technology, and a monolingual view of modernization and internationalization. The ecology-of-language paradigm involves building on linguistic diversity worldwide, promoting multilingualism and foreign language learning, and granting linguistic human rights to speakers of all languages. This article explores the assumptions of both paradigms and urges English language teaching professionals to support the latter.

UR - http://libsearch.cbs.dk/primo_library/libweb/action/dlDisplay.do?docId=CBS01000763314&vid=CBS&afterPDS=true

U2 - 10.2307/3587692

DO - 10.2307/3587692

M3 - Journal article

VL - 30

SP - 429

EP - 452

JO - T E S O L Quarterly

T2 - T E S O L Quarterly

JF - T E S O L Quarterly

SN - 0039-8322

IS - 3

ER -

Phillipson R, Skutnabb-Kangas T. English Only Worldwide or Language Ecology? TESOL Quarterly. 1996;30(3):429–452. Available from, DOI: 10.2307/3587692