Energy Efficiency and Rebound Effect in European Road Freight Transport

Manuel Llorca*, Tooraj Jamasb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Energy efficiency has become a primary energy policy goal in Europe and many countries and has conditioned the policies towards energy-intensive sectors such as road freight transport. However, energy efficiency improvements can lead to changes in the demand for energy services that offset some of the achieved energy savings in the form of rebound effects. Consequently, forecasts of energy savings can be overstated. This paper analyses the energy efficiency and rebound effects for road freight transport in 15 European countries during the 1992–2012 period. We use a recent methodology to estimate an energy demand function using a stochastic frontier analysis approach and examine the influence of key features of rebound effect in the road freight transport sector. We obtain, on average, a fuel efficiency of 89% and a rebound effect of 4%. Our results indicate that the achieved energy efficiencies are retained to a large extent. We also find, among other results, that the rebound effect is higher in countries with higher fuel efficiency and better quality of logistics. Finally, a simulation analysis shows significant environmental externalities costs even in countries with lower rebound effect.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Volume101
Issue numberJuly
Pages (from-to)98-110
Number of pages13
ISSN0965-8564
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • European road freight transport
  • Stochastic frontier analysis
  • Energy efficiency
  • Rebound effect

Cite this

@article{76be86cc7c2e41e39ff941e575e947ca,
title = "Energy Efficiency and Rebound Effect in European Road Freight Transport",
abstract = "Energy efficiency has become a primary energy policy goal in Europe and many countries and has conditioned the policies towards energy-intensive sectors such as road freight transport. However, energy efficiency improvements can lead to changes in the demand for energy services that offset some of the achieved energy savings in the form of rebound effects. Consequently, forecasts of energy savings can be overstated. This paper analyses the energy efficiency and rebound effects for road freight transport in 15 European countries during the 1992–2012 period. We use a recent methodology to estimate an energy demand function using a stochastic frontier analysis approach and examine the influence of key features of rebound effect in the road freight transport sector. We obtain, on average, a fuel efficiency of 89{\%} and a rebound effect of 4{\%}. Our results indicate that the achieved energy efficiencies are retained to a large extent. We also find, among other results, that the rebound effect is higher in countries with higher fuel efficiency and better quality of logistics. Finally, a simulation analysis shows significant environmental externalities costs even in countries with lower rebound effect.",
keywords = "European road freight transport, Stochastic frontier analysis, Energy efficiency, Rebound effect, European road freight transport, Stochastic frontier analysis, Energy efficiency, Rebound effect",
author = "Manuel Llorca and Tooraj Jamasb",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.tra.2017.05.002",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "98--110",
journal = "Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice",
issn = "0965-8564",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "July",

}

Energy Efficiency and Rebound Effect in European Road Freight Transport. / Llorca, Manuel; Jamasb, Tooraj.

In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice , Vol. 101, No. July, 2017, p. 98-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy Efficiency and Rebound Effect in European Road Freight Transport

AU - Llorca, Manuel

AU - Jamasb, Tooraj

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Energy efficiency has become a primary energy policy goal in Europe and many countries and has conditioned the policies towards energy-intensive sectors such as road freight transport. However, energy efficiency improvements can lead to changes in the demand for energy services that offset some of the achieved energy savings in the form of rebound effects. Consequently, forecasts of energy savings can be overstated. This paper analyses the energy efficiency and rebound effects for road freight transport in 15 European countries during the 1992–2012 period. We use a recent methodology to estimate an energy demand function using a stochastic frontier analysis approach and examine the influence of key features of rebound effect in the road freight transport sector. We obtain, on average, a fuel efficiency of 89% and a rebound effect of 4%. Our results indicate that the achieved energy efficiencies are retained to a large extent. We also find, among other results, that the rebound effect is higher in countries with higher fuel efficiency and better quality of logistics. Finally, a simulation analysis shows significant environmental externalities costs even in countries with lower rebound effect.

AB - Energy efficiency has become a primary energy policy goal in Europe and many countries and has conditioned the policies towards energy-intensive sectors such as road freight transport. However, energy efficiency improvements can lead to changes in the demand for energy services that offset some of the achieved energy savings in the form of rebound effects. Consequently, forecasts of energy savings can be overstated. This paper analyses the energy efficiency and rebound effects for road freight transport in 15 European countries during the 1992–2012 period. We use a recent methodology to estimate an energy demand function using a stochastic frontier analysis approach and examine the influence of key features of rebound effect in the road freight transport sector. We obtain, on average, a fuel efficiency of 89% and a rebound effect of 4%. Our results indicate that the achieved energy efficiencies are retained to a large extent. We also find, among other results, that the rebound effect is higher in countries with higher fuel efficiency and better quality of logistics. Finally, a simulation analysis shows significant environmental externalities costs even in countries with lower rebound effect.

KW - European road freight transport

KW - Stochastic frontier analysis

KW - Energy efficiency

KW - Rebound effect

KW - European road freight transport

KW - Stochastic frontier analysis

KW - Energy efficiency

KW - Rebound effect

UR - https://sfx-45cbs.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/45cbs?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&url_ctx_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info:sid/sfxit.com:azlist&sfx.ignore_date_threshold=1&rft.object_id=954925581165&rft.object_portfolio_id=&svc.holdings=yes&svc.fulltext=yes

U2 - 10.1016/j.tra.2017.05.002

DO - 10.1016/j.tra.2017.05.002

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85019095649

VL - 101

SP - 98

EP - 110

JO - Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice

JF - Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice

SN - 0965-8564

IS - July

ER -