Education, Training and Skills in Innovation Policy

Susana Borrás, Charles Edquist

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The main question that guides this paper is how governments are focusing (and must focus) on competence building (education, training and skills) when designing and implementing innovation policies. After a brief literature review, this paper suggests a typology of internal/external and individual/organizational sources of competences that are related to innovation activities. This serves to examine briefly the most common initiatives that governments are taking in this regard. The paper identifies three overall deficiencies and imbalances in innovation systems in terms of education, training and skills: the insufficient levels of competences in a system, the time lag between firms’ short-term needs for specific competences and the long time required to develop them, and the imbalances between internal and external sources of competences in firms. From these, the paper elaborates a set of overall criteria for the (re)design of policy instruments addressing those tensions and imbalances.
    The main question that guides this paper is how governments are focusing (and must focus) on competence building (education, training and skills) when designing and implementing innovation policies. After a brief literature review, this paper suggests a typology of internal/external and individual/organizational sources of competences that are related to innovation activities. This serves to examine briefly the most common initiatives that governments are taking in this regard. The paper identifies three overall deficiencies and imbalances in innovation systems in terms of education, training and skills: the insufficient levels of competences in a system, the time lag between firms’ short-term needs for specific competences and the long time required to develop them, and the imbalances between internal and external sources of competences in firms. From these, the paper elaborates a set of overall criteria for the (re)design of policy instruments addressing those tensions and imbalances.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalScience and Public Policy
    Volume42
    Issue number2
    Pages215-227
    Number of pages13
    ISSN0302-3427
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Innovation system
    • Innovation policy
    • Policy instruments
    • Knowledge
    • Competence building
    • Learning

    Cite this

    Borrás, Susana ; Edquist, Charles. / Education, Training and Skills in Innovation Policy. In: Science and Public Policy. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 215-227
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    Education, Training and Skills in Innovation Policy. / Borrás, Susana; Edquist, Charles.

    In: Science and Public Policy, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2015, p. 215-227.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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