Economic Nationalism and Internationalization of Services: Review and Research Agenda

Hussain G. Rammala*, Elizabeth L. Rose, Pervez N. Ghauri, Peter D. Ørberg Jensen, Matthias Kipping, Bent Petersen, Moira Scerri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The world is witnessing a growth in economic nationalism, especially in countries like the United States and United Kingdom, where this would scarcely have been predicted a few years ago. These developments threaten the internationalization of services and gains made through various global trading arrangements. Moreover, there are concerns that the COVID-19 pandemic will further undermine supranational forms of governance and nurture the trend towards protectionism and economic nationalism. We undertake a systemic literature review on economic nationalism and services internationalization to identify research themes. The findings of the study have implications for policymakers, and we provide directions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101314
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number3
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Economic nationalism
  • Service
  • Internationalization
  • Systematic literature review
  • GATS
  • Trade in services

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