Does the Lack of Financial Stability Impair the Transmission of Monetary Policy?

Viral V. Acharya, Björn Imbierowicz, Sascha Steffen, Daniel Teichmann

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    Abstract

    We investigate the transmission of central bank liquidity to bank deposits and loan spreads in Europe over the period from January 2006 to June 2010. We find evidence consistent with an impaired transmission channel due to bank risk. Central bank liquidity does not translate into lower loan spreads for high-risk banks for maturities beyond one year, even as it lowers deposit spreads for both high- and low-risk banks. This adversely affects the balance sheets of high-risk bank borrowers, leading to lower payouts, lower capital expenditures, and lower employment. Overall, our results suggest that banks’ capital constraints at the time of an easing of monetary policy pose a challenge to the effectiveness of the bank-lending channel and the central bank's lender of last resort function.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Financial Economics
    Volume138
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)342-365
    Number of pages24
    ISSN0304-405X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

    Keywords

    • Central bank liquidity
    • Monetary policy transmission
    • Corporate deposits
    • Financial crisis
    • Lender of last resort
    • Loans
    • Real effects

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