Does improving Public Transport decrease Car Ownership? Evidence from the Copenhagen Metropolitan Area

Ismir Mulalic, Ninette Pilegaard, Jan Rouwendal

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Car ownership is lower in urban areas, which is probably related to the availability of better publict ransport. Better public transport thus may offer the possibility to relieve the many problems (congestion,health, and parking) associated with the presence of cars in urban areas. To investigate this issue, wedevelop and estimate a model for the simultaneous choice of a residential area and car ownership. Themodel is estimated on Danish register data for single-earner and dual-earners households in the greaterCopenhagen metropolitan area. We pay special attention to accessibility of the metro network whichoffers particularly high quality public transport. Simulations based on the estimated model show that forthe greater Copenhagen area a planned extension of the metro network decreases car ownership by 2-3%.Our results suggest also a substantial increase in the interest for living in areas close to the metro network,that affects the demographic composition of neighbourhoods.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherTinbergen Institute
Number of pages55
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
SeriesTinbergen Institute Discussion Papers
NumberTI 2015-139/VIII

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