Does Being R&D Intensive Still Discourage Outsourcing? Evidence from Dutch Manufacturing

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Being R&D intensive has traditionally been seen as an impediment to outsourcing. This study confirms that empirically this was the case for a set of manufacturing industries in The Netherlands in the early 1990s, but also shows that R&D intensity became a positive predictor for changes in outsourcing levels over the 1990s, suggesting firms in R&D intensive industries have increasingly started to rely on partnership relations with outside suppliers. This confirms the need to move the analysis from scale, opportunism and appropriation concerns to a relational perspective when studying outsourcing in R&D intensive industries.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)571-582
Publication statusPublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Supply Chain Strategy
  • Manufacturing Industry
  • Outsourcing
  • R&D Intensity

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