Dietary Habits and Obesity in European Children: Results from the IDEFICS/I.Family Cohort

Leonie Helen Bogl, Maike Wolters, Claudia Börnhorst, Timm Intemann, Lucia A. Reisch, Wolfgang Ahrens, Antje Hebestreit

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The IDEFICS/I.Family study (financed by the 6th and 7th European Framework Programs for Research) has investigated the eating behavior of children and adolescents from eight European countries with particular regard to obesity and its health consequences.
In almost all countries, sugar consumption made up more than 20% of overall energy intake. In Germany the proportion was actually 30% and thus more than three times the WHO recommendation – ideally less than 10%. In summary, our results show that improving the quality of food consumed, i.e. increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole meal products and reducing sugar-added and industrially processed foods, may prevent the development of childhood obesity. A dietary pattern characterized by high levels of vegetables, fruits and whole meal bread, for instance, was associated with a 36% lower risk of overweight and obesity. Moreover, similarities could be seen between the dietary patterns of family members. An association was also observed between lower social status and unfavorable dietary patterns in children.
The results recommend political measures to support children, particularly those from socially disadvantaged families, to eat more healthily and thus prevent the development of overweight and obesity already in childhood.
The IDEFICS/I.Family study (financed by the 6th and 7th European Framework Programs for Research) has investigated the eating behavior of children and adolescents from eight European countries with particular regard to obesity and its health consequences.
In almost all countries, sugar consumption made up more than 20% of overall energy intake. In Germany the proportion was actually 30% and thus more than three times the WHO recommendation – ideally less than 10%. In summary, our results show that improving the quality of food consumed, i.e. increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole meal products and reducing sugar-added and industrially processed foods, may prevent the development of childhood obesity. A dietary pattern characterized by high levels of vegetables, fruits and whole meal bread, for instance, was associated with a 36% lower risk of overweight and obesity. Moreover, similarities could be seen between the dietary patterns of family members. An association was also observed between lower social status and unfavorable dietary patterns in children.
The results recommend political measures to support children, particularly those from socially disadvantaged families, to eat more healthily and thus prevent the development of overweight and obesity already in childhood.
LanguageEnglish
JournalErnaehrungs Umschau
Volume65
Issue number10
Pages164-169
Number of pages6
ISSN0174-0008
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Child health
  • Overweight
  • Familial resemblance
  • Dietary patterns
  • Socioeconomic status

Cite this

Bogl, L. H., Wolters, M., Börnhorst, C., Intemann, T., Reisch, L. A., Ahrens, W., & Hebestreit, A. (2018). Dietary Habits and Obesity in European Children: Results from the IDEFICS/I.Family Cohort. Ernaehrungs Umschau, 65(10), 164-169. DOI: 10.4455/eu.2018.037
Bogl, Leonie Helen ; Wolters, Maike ; Börnhorst, Claudia ; Intemann, Timm ; Reisch, Lucia A. ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Hebestreit, Antje. / Dietary Habits and Obesity in European Children : Results from the IDEFICS/I.Family Cohort. In: Ernaehrungs Umschau. 2018 ; Vol. 65, No. 10. pp. 164-169
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abstract = "The IDEFICS/I.Family study (financed by the 6th and 7th European Framework Programs for Research) has investigated the eating behavior of children and adolescents from eight European countries with particular regard to obesity and its health consequences.In almost all countries, sugar consumption made up more than 20{\%} of overall energy intake. In Germany the proportion was actually 30{\%} and thus more than three times the WHO recommendation – ideally less than 10{\%}. In summary, our results show that improving the quality of food consumed, i.e. increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole meal products and reducing sugar-added and industrially processed foods, may prevent the development of childhood obesity. A dietary pattern characterized by high levels of vegetables, fruits and whole meal bread, for instance, was associated with a 36{\%} lower risk of overweight and obesity. Moreover, similarities could be seen between the dietary patterns of family members. An association was also observed between lower social status and unfavorable dietary patterns in children.The results recommend political measures to support children, particularly those from socially disadvantaged families, to eat more healthily and thus prevent the development of overweight and obesity already in childhood.",
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Bogl, LH, Wolters, M, Börnhorst, C, Intemann, T, Reisch, LA, Ahrens, W & Hebestreit, A 2018, 'Dietary Habits and Obesity in European Children: Results from the IDEFICS/I.Family Cohort' Ernaehrungs Umschau, vol. 65, no. 10, pp. 164-169. DOI: 10.4455/eu.2018.037

Dietary Habits and Obesity in European Children : Results from the IDEFICS/I.Family Cohort. / Bogl, Leonie Helen ; Wolters, Maike; Börnhorst, Claudia; Intemann, Timm; Reisch, Lucia A.; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Hebestreit, Antje.

In: Ernaehrungs Umschau, Vol. 65, No. 10, 2018, p. 164-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary Habits and Obesity in European Children

T2 - Ernaehrungs Umschau

AU - Bogl,Leonie Helen

AU - Wolters,Maike

AU - Börnhorst,Claudia

AU - Intemann,Timm

AU - Reisch,Lucia A.

AU - Ahrens,Wolfgang

AU - Hebestreit,Antje

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The IDEFICS/I.Family study (financed by the 6th and 7th European Framework Programs for Research) has investigated the eating behavior of children and adolescents from eight European countries with particular regard to obesity and its health consequences.In almost all countries, sugar consumption made up more than 20% of overall energy intake. In Germany the proportion was actually 30% and thus more than three times the WHO recommendation – ideally less than 10%. In summary, our results show that improving the quality of food consumed, i.e. increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole meal products and reducing sugar-added and industrially processed foods, may prevent the development of childhood obesity. A dietary pattern characterized by high levels of vegetables, fruits and whole meal bread, for instance, was associated with a 36% lower risk of overweight and obesity. Moreover, similarities could be seen between the dietary patterns of family members. An association was also observed between lower social status and unfavorable dietary patterns in children.The results recommend political measures to support children, particularly those from socially disadvantaged families, to eat more healthily and thus prevent the development of overweight and obesity already in childhood.

AB - The IDEFICS/I.Family study (financed by the 6th and 7th European Framework Programs for Research) has investigated the eating behavior of children and adolescents from eight European countries with particular regard to obesity and its health consequences.In almost all countries, sugar consumption made up more than 20% of overall energy intake. In Germany the proportion was actually 30% and thus more than three times the WHO recommendation – ideally less than 10%. In summary, our results show that improving the quality of food consumed, i.e. increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole meal products and reducing sugar-added and industrially processed foods, may prevent the development of childhood obesity. A dietary pattern characterized by high levels of vegetables, fruits and whole meal bread, for instance, was associated with a 36% lower risk of overweight and obesity. Moreover, similarities could be seen between the dietary patterns of family members. An association was also observed between lower social status and unfavorable dietary patterns in children.The results recommend political measures to support children, particularly those from socially disadvantaged families, to eat more healthily and thus prevent the development of overweight and obesity already in childhood.

KW - Child health

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KW - Familial resemblance

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KW - Socioeconomic status

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JO - Ernaehrungs Umschau

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SN - 0174-0008

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Bogl LH, Wolters M, Börnhorst C, Intemann T, Reisch LA, Ahrens W et al. Dietary Habits and Obesity in European Children: Results from the IDEFICS/I.Family Cohort. Ernaehrungs Umschau. 2018;65(10):164-169. Available from, DOI: 10.4455/eu.2018.037