Demografiske forskydninger, det offentlige pensionssystem og makroøkonomien

Translated title of the contribution: Changing Demographics, Public Pensions and the Macroeconomy

Svend E. Hougaard Jensen, Søren Bo Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The first part of the article discusses the phenomenom of population aging in the OECD area. It stems from two distinct sources: On one hand, fertility rates have fallen, and on the other, life expectancy at birth has increased. The projected neardoubling the so-called old-age dependency ratio in many countries (including Denmark) put public pension systems under pressure, as illustrated by some simple calculations. The second part shows how recent macroeconomic theory can be used to appraise macroeconomic consequences of population aging in a small open economy with a public pension system.
Translated title of the contributionChanging Demographics, Public Pensions and the Macroeconomy
Original languageDanish
JournalNationaløkonomisk tidsskrift
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)288-302
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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