Cross‐sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Psychosocial Well‐being and Sleep in European Children and Adolescents

Barbara F.B. Thumann, Claudia Börnhorst, Nathalie Michels, Toomas Veidebaum, Antonia Solea, Lucia A. Reisch, Luis Alberto Moreno, Fabio Lauria, Jaakko Kaprio, Monica Hunsberger, Regina Felső, Wencke Gwozdz, Stefaan De Henauw, Wolfgang Ahrens, On behalf of the IDEFICS consortium, I.Family Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Research on associations of positive mental health, in contrast to mental ill‐health, with sleep duration and sleep disturbances in young populations is scarce. In particular, longitudinal studies focussing on the influence of positive mental health on sleep characteristics are lacking. Therefore, we investigated cross‐sectional and longitudinal associations of psychosocial well‐being with sleep duration and sleep disturbances. For the cross‐sectional analysis, we used data of 3‐15‐year‐old children and adolescents participating in the 2013/14 examination of the European IDEFICS/I.Family cohort study (N = 6,336). The longitudinal analysis was restricted to children who also participated in the 2009/10 examination (N = 3,379). Associations between a psychosocial well‐being score created from 16 items of the KINDLR Health‐Related Quality of Life Questionnaire covering emotional well‐being, self‐esteem and social relationships, an age‐standardized nocturnal sleep duration z‐score and two sleep disturbance indicators (“trouble getting up in the morning”, “difficulties falling asleep”) were estimated using linear and logistic mixed‐effects models. Cross‐sectionally, a higher well‐being score was associated with longer sleep duration and lower odds of sleep disturbances. A positive change in the well‐being score over the 4‐year period was associated with longer sleep duration and lower odds of sleep disturbances at follow‐up. However, there was only weak evidence that higher psychosocial well‐being at baseline was associated with better sleep 4 years later. Thus, our results suggest that increases in well‐being are associated with improvements in both sleep duration and sleep disturbances, but that well‐being measured at one point in time does not predict sleep characteristics several years later.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12783
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Volume28
Issue number2
Number of pages12
ISSN1365-2869
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Longitudinal studies
  • Multi‐country
  • Sleep quality
  • Sleep–wake disorders

Cite this

Thumann, Barbara F.B. ; Börnhorst, Claudia ; Michels, Nathalie ; Veidebaum, Toomas ; Solea, Antonia ; Reisch, Lucia A. ; Moreno, Luis Alberto ; Lauria, Fabio ; Kaprio, Jaakko ; Hunsberger, Monica ; Felső, Regina ; Gwozdz, Wencke ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; On behalf of the IDEFICS consortium ; I.Family Consortium. / Cross‐sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Psychosocial Well‐being and Sleep in European Children and Adolescents. In: Journal of Sleep Research. 2019 ; Vol. 28, No. 2.
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title = "Cross‐sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Psychosocial Well‐being and Sleep in European Children and Adolescents",
abstract = "Research on associations of positive mental health, in contrast to mental ill‐health, with sleep duration and sleep disturbances in young populations is scarce. In particular, longitudinal studies focussing on the influence of positive mental health on sleep characteristics are lacking. Therefore, we investigated cross‐sectional and longitudinal associations of psychosocial well‐being with sleep duration and sleep disturbances. For the cross‐sectional analysis, we used data of 3‐15‐year‐old children and adolescents participating in the 2013/14 examination of the European IDEFICS/I.Family cohort study (N = 6,336). The longitudinal analysis was restricted to children who also participated in the 2009/10 examination (N = 3,379). Associations between a psychosocial well‐being score created from 16 items of the KINDLR Health‐Related Quality of Life Questionnaire covering emotional well‐being, self‐esteem and social relationships, an age‐standardized nocturnal sleep duration z‐score and two sleep disturbance indicators (“trouble getting up in the morning”, “difficulties falling asleep”) were estimated using linear and logistic mixed‐effects models. Cross‐sectionally, a higher well‐being score was associated with longer sleep duration and lower odds of sleep disturbances. A positive change in the well‐being score over the 4‐year period was associated with longer sleep duration and lower odds of sleep disturbances at follow‐up. However, there was only weak evidence that higher psychosocial well‐being at baseline was associated with better sleep 4 years later. Thus, our results suggest that increases in well‐being are associated with improvements in both sleep duration and sleep disturbances, but that well‐being measured at one point in time does not predict sleep characteristics several years later.",
keywords = "Longitudinal studies, Multi‐country, Sleep quality, Sleep–wake disorders, Longitudinal studies, Multi‐country, Sleep quality, Sleep–wake disorders",
author = "Thumann, {Barbara F.B.} and Claudia B{\"o}rnhorst and Nathalie Michels and Toomas Veidebaum and Antonia Solea and Reisch, {Lucia A.} and Moreno, {Luis Alberto} and Fabio Lauria and Jaakko Kaprio and Monica Hunsberger and Regina Felső and Wencke Gwozdz and {De Henauw}, Stefaan and Wolfgang Ahrens and {On behalf of the IDEFICS consortium} and {I.Family Consortium}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1111/jsr.12783",
language = "English",
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Thumann, BFB, Börnhorst, C, Michels, N, Veidebaum, T, Solea, A, Reisch, LA, Moreno, LA, Lauria, F, Kaprio, J, Hunsberger, M, Felső, R, Gwozdz, W, De Henauw, S, Ahrens, W, On behalf of the IDEFICS consortium & I.Family Consortium 2019, 'Cross‐sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Psychosocial Well‐being and Sleep in European Children and Adolescents', Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 28, no. 2, e12783. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12783

Cross‐sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Psychosocial Well‐being and Sleep in European Children and Adolescents. / Thumann, Barbara F.B.; Börnhorst, Claudia; Michels, Nathalie; Veidebaum, Toomas; Solea, Antonia; Reisch, Lucia A.; Moreno, Luis Alberto; Lauria, Fabio; Kaprio, Jaakko; Hunsberger, Monica; Felső, Regina; Gwozdz, Wencke; De Henauw, Stefaan; Ahrens, Wolfgang; On behalf of the IDEFICS consortium; I.Family Consortium.

In: Journal of Sleep Research, Vol. 28, No. 2, e12783, 04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Thumann, Barbara F.B.

AU - Börnhorst, Claudia

AU - Michels, Nathalie

AU - Veidebaum, Toomas

AU - Solea, Antonia

AU - Reisch, Lucia A.

AU - Moreno, Luis Alberto

AU - Lauria, Fabio

AU - Kaprio, Jaakko

AU - Hunsberger, Monica

AU - Felső, Regina

AU - Gwozdz, Wencke

AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

AU - Ahrens, Wolfgang

AU - On behalf of the IDEFICS consortium

AU - I.Family Consortium

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