Conflicting Notions of a Project: The Battle Between Albert O. Hirschman and Bent Flyvbjerg

Kristian Kreiner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

451 Downloads (Pure)


The field of project management has erected an impressive edifice of knowledge that apparently hinders us in learning anything from experience except what we already know. We will use the recent controversy between Hirschman and Flyvbjerg to trace this academic imposition to a narrow notion of a project and to find inspiration in a radically different notion for opening the field to new types of issues and lessons.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProject Management Journal
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)400-410
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Published online: 22. June 2020


  • Hiding Hand
  • Practical judgment
  • Project notions
  • Project success
  • Providential Ignorance

Cite this