Comparing Urban Form Correlations of the Travel Patterns of Older and Younger Adults

Maria Josefina Figueroa, Thomas Sick Nielsen, Anu Kristiina Siren

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Using disaggregated data from the Danish National Travel Survey conducted between 2006–2011, this study compares the travel patterns of older (65–84 years of age) and younger (18–64 years of age) adults regarding land use, socio-economic conditions and urban structures. The results highlight significant differences between travel patterns and their urban form correlates for the older and younger adult populations. Spatial variables such as density and regional accessibility have different and potentially reverse associations with travel among older adults. The car use of older adults is not substituted by other modes in high-density settings, as is the case for younger adults. Older adults do not respond to high regional accessibility by reducing distance traveled, but travel longer and are also more likely to continue using a car in high-access conditions. Spatial structural conditions have the potential to reinforce the need to use private cars among older adults as they attempt to maintain their independent travel and mobility. Older persons are a growing demographic group and thus, the implications of this paper for planning and policies targeting modal shift are significant. How population aging may contribute to car travel saturation or to peak travel requires further investigation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTransport Policy
    Volume35
    Issue numberSep.
    Pages (from-to)10-20
    ISSN0967-070X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Cite this

    Figueroa, Maria Josefina ; Nielsen, Thomas Sick ; Siren, Anu Kristiina. / Comparing Urban Form Correlations of the Travel Patterns of Older and Younger Adults. In: Transport Policy. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. Sep. pp. 10-20.
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    title = "Comparing Urban Form Correlations of the Travel Patterns of Older and Younger Adults",
    abstract = "Using disaggregated data from the Danish National Travel Survey conducted between 2006–2011, this study compares the travel patterns of older (65–84 years of age) and younger (18–64 years of age) adults regarding land use, socio-economic conditions and urban structures. The results highlight significant differences between travel patterns and their urban form correlates for the older and younger adult populations. Spatial variables such as density and regional accessibility have different and potentially reverse associations with travel among older adults. The car use of older adults is not substituted by other modes in high-density settings, as is the case for younger adults. Older adults do not respond to high regional accessibility by reducing distance traveled, but travel longer and are also more likely to continue using a car in high-access conditions. Spatial structural conditions have the potential to reinforce the need to use private cars among older adults as they attempt to maintain their independent travel and mobility. Older persons are a growing demographic group and thus, the implications of this paper for planning and policies targeting modal shift are significant. How population aging may contribute to car travel saturation or to peak travel requires further investigation.",
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    author = "Figueroa, {Maria Josefina} and Nielsen, {Thomas Sick} and Siren, {Anu Kristiina}",
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    Comparing Urban Form Correlations of the Travel Patterns of Older and Younger Adults. / Figueroa, Maria Josefina; Nielsen, Thomas Sick; Siren, Anu Kristiina.

    In: Transport Policy, Vol. 35, No. Sep., 2014, p. 10-20.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Siren, Anu Kristiina

    PY - 2014

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    AB - Using disaggregated data from the Danish National Travel Survey conducted between 2006–2011, this study compares the travel patterns of older (65–84 years of age) and younger (18–64 years of age) adults regarding land use, socio-economic conditions and urban structures. The results highlight significant differences between travel patterns and their urban form correlates for the older and younger adult populations. Spatial variables such as density and regional accessibility have different and potentially reverse associations with travel among older adults. The car use of older adults is not substituted by other modes in high-density settings, as is the case for younger adults. Older adults do not respond to high regional accessibility by reducing distance traveled, but travel longer and are also more likely to continue using a car in high-access conditions. Spatial structural conditions have the potential to reinforce the need to use private cars among older adults as they attempt to maintain their independent travel and mobility. Older persons are a growing demographic group and thus, the implications of this paper for planning and policies targeting modal shift are significant. How population aging may contribute to car travel saturation or to peak travel requires further investigation.

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