Comparing 31 European Countries’ Responses to the Covid-19 Crisis

Mads Dagnis Jensen*, Kennet Lynggaard, Michael Friederich Kluth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


Based on an author survey among the contributors to the preceding 31 country chapters, the conclusion summarises European governments’ responses to the pandemic by examining if variations in the handling of the pandemic reflect geographic South, East, North, and West cleavages. These cleavages largely correspond to different levels of affluence, economic distributional legacies, and democratic embeddedness highlighted as structural determinants of response patterns by the already substantial Covid-19 policy literature. Variations in the policy responses and dynamics of politicization are mapped and discussed. It is assessed which actors were empowered and disempowered in the policy process and if the mode of interaction between actors was altered compared to normal policymaking. Finally, the impacts on national political systems are appraised.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGovernments' Responses to the Covid-19 Pandemic in Europe : Navigating the Perfect Storm
EditorsKennet Lynggaard, Mads Dagnis Jensen, Michael Kluth
Number of pages22
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Publication date2023
ISBN (Print)9783031141447
ISBN (Electronic)9783031141454
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Published online: 02 December 2022.


  • Covid-19 pandemic
  • Government responses
  • Comparative politics
  • European studies
  • Crisis management

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