Commercializing Academic Research: The Quality of Faculty Patenting

Dirk Czarnitzki, Katrin Hussinger, Cédric Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The knowledge produced by academic scientists has been identified as a potential key driver of technological progress. Recent policies in Europe aim at increasing commercially orientated activities in academe. Based on a sample of German scientists across all fields of science, we investigate the importance of academic patenting. Our findings suggest that academic involvement in patenting results in a citation premium, as academic patents appear to generate more forward citations. We also find that in the European context of changing research objectives and funding sources since the mid-1990s, the “importance” of academic patents declines over time. We show that academic entrants have patents of lower “quality” than academic incumbents but they did not cause the decline, since the relative importance of patents involving academics with an existing patenting history declined over time as well. Moreover, a preliminary evaluation of the effects of the abolishment of the “professor privilege” (the German counterpart of the US Bayh-Dole Act) reveals that this legal disposition led to an acceleration of this apparent decline.
The knowledge produced by academic scientists has been identified as a potential key driver of technological progress. Recent policies in Europe aim at increasing commercially orientated activities in academe. Based on a sample of German scientists across all fields of science, we investigate the importance of academic patenting. Our findings suggest that academic involvement in patenting results in a citation premium, as academic patents appear to generate more forward citations. We also find that in the European context of changing research objectives and funding sources since the mid-1990s, the “importance” of academic patents declines over time. We show that academic entrants have patents of lower “quality” than academic incumbents but they did not cause the decline, since the relative importance of patents involving academics with an existing patenting history declined over time as well. Moreover, a preliminary evaluation of the effects of the abolishment of the “professor privilege” (the German counterpart of the US Bayh-Dole Act) reveals that this legal disposition led to an acceleration of this apparent decline.
LanguageEnglish
JournalIndustrial and Corporate Change
Volume20
Issue number5
Pages1403-1437
ISSN0960-6491
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Cite this

Czarnitzki, Dirk ; Hussinger, Katrin ; Schneider, Cédric. / Commercializing Academic Research : The Quality of Faculty Patenting. In: Industrial and Corporate Change. 2011 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 1403-1437
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Commercializing Academic Research : The Quality of Faculty Patenting. / Czarnitzki, Dirk; Hussinger, Katrin; Schneider, Cédric.

In: Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2011, p. 1403-1437.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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