Closure and Divestiture by Foreign Entrants: The Impact of Entry and Post‐entry Strategies

José Mata*, Pedro Portugal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We analyze the longevity of foreign entrants explicitly considering two possible ways of exit: firm closure and capital divestiture. We find that entry and post‐entry strategies affect the longevity of firms and of foreign equity holdings, but in different manners. While the ownership arrangements and organizational structure affect the likelihood of divestment, they exert no significant effect upon closure. The entry mode exerts opposite effects on the two modes of exit, greenfield entrants being more likely to shutdown, but less likely to be divested. Only human capital affects closure and divestment in the same manner. Firms with large endowments of human capital are less likely to exit, irrespective of the exit mode considered.
Original languageEnglish
JournalStrategic Management Journal
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)549-562
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - May 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Closure and divestiture
  • Exit
  • Foreign firms

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