Chip Design in China and India: Multinationals, Industry Structure and Development Outcomes in the Integrated Circuit Industry

Douglas B. Fuller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


India and China have taken very different developmental paths in integrated circuit design. India has engaged with multinationals and emphasized design service. China has focused more on homegrown fabless firms designing their own chips. These two different routes have led to very different outcomes in terms of technical capabilities, value capture and patent creation. Paradoxically, India has greater technical capabilities than China, but has lower value capture and domestic control of patents.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Published online: 11 December 2012.


  • India
  • China
  • Integrated circuit (IC)
  • Design
  • Development
  • Innovation
  • MNC

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