Categorical Interoception: Perceptual Organization of Sensations From Inside

Sibylle Petersen, Mathias Schroijen, Christina Mölders, Sebastian Zenker, Omer Van den Bergh

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Adequate perception of bodily sensations is essential to protect health. However, misinterpretation of signals from within the body is common and can be fatal, for example, in asthma or cardiovascular disease. We suggest that placing interoceptive stimuli into interoceptive categories (e.g., the category of symptoms vs. the category of benign sensations) leads to perceptual generalization effects that may underlie misinterpretation. In two studies, we presented stimuli inducing respiratory effort (respiratory loads) either organized into categories or located on a continuous dimension. We found pervasive effects of categorization on magnitude estimations, affective stimulus evaluations, stimulus recognition, and breathing behavior. These findings indicate the need for broadening perspectives on interoception to include basal processes of stimulus organization, in order for interoceptive bias to be understood. The results are relevant to a wide range of interoception-related phenomena, from emotion to symptom perception.
Adequate perception of bodily sensations is essential to protect health. However, misinterpretation of signals from within the body is common and can be fatal, for example, in asthma or cardiovascular disease. We suggest that placing interoceptive stimuli into interoceptive categories (e.g., the category of symptoms vs. the category of benign sensations) leads to perceptual generalization effects that may underlie misinterpretation. In two studies, we presented stimuli inducing respiratory effort (respiratory loads) either organized into categories or located on a continuous dimension. We found pervasive effects of categorization on magnitude estimations, affective stimulus evaluations, stimulus recognition, and breathing behavior. These findings indicate the need for broadening perspectives on interoception to include basal processes of stimulus organization, in order for interoceptive bias to be understood. The results are relevant to a wide range of interoception-related phenomena, from emotion to symptom perception.
LanguageEnglish
JournalPsychological Science
Volume25
Issue number5
Pages1059-1066
ISSN0956-7976
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

    Cite this

    Petersen, S., Schroijen, M., Mölders, C., Zenker, S., & Van den Bergh, O. (2014). Categorical Interoception: Perceptual Organization of Sensations From Inside. Psychological Science, 25(5), 1059-1066. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613519110
    Petersen, Sibylle ; Schroijen, Mathias ; Mölders, Christina ; Zenker, Sebastian ; Van den Bergh, Omer . / Categorical Interoception : Perceptual Organization of Sensations From Inside. In: Psychological Science. 2014 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 1059-1066
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    title = "Categorical Interoception: Perceptual Organization of Sensations From Inside",
    abstract = "Adequate perception of bodily sensations is essential to protect health. However, misinterpretation of signals from within the body is common and can be fatal, for example, in asthma or cardiovascular disease. We suggest that placing interoceptive stimuli into interoceptive categories (e.g., the category of symptoms vs. the category of benign sensations) leads to perceptual generalization effects that may underlie misinterpretation. In two studies, we presented stimuli inducing respiratory effort (respiratory loads) either organized into categories or located on a continuous dimension. We found pervasive effects of categorization on magnitude estimations, affective stimulus evaluations, stimulus recognition, and breathing behavior. These findings indicate the need for broadening perspectives on interoception to include basal processes of stimulus organization, in order for interoceptive bias to be understood. The results are relevant to a wide range of interoception-related phenomena, from emotion to symptom perception.",
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    Petersen, S, Schroijen, M, Mölders, C, Zenker, S & Van den Bergh, O 2014, 'Categorical Interoception: Perceptual Organization of Sensations From Inside' Psychological Science, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 1059-1066. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613519110

    Categorical Interoception : Perceptual Organization of Sensations From Inside. / Petersen, Sibylle; Schroijen, Mathias; Mölders, Christina; Zenker, Sebastian; Van den Bergh, Omer .

    In: Psychological Science, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2014, p. 1059-1066.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Categorical Interoception

    T2 - Psychological Science

    AU - Petersen,Sibylle

    AU - Schroijen,Mathias

    AU - Mölders,Christina

    AU - Zenker,Sebastian

    AU - Van den Bergh,Omer

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Adequate perception of bodily sensations is essential to protect health. However, misinterpretation of signals from within the body is common and can be fatal, for example, in asthma or cardiovascular disease. We suggest that placing interoceptive stimuli into interoceptive categories (e.g., the category of symptoms vs. the category of benign sensations) leads to perceptual generalization effects that may underlie misinterpretation. In two studies, we presented stimuli inducing respiratory effort (respiratory loads) either organized into categories or located on a continuous dimension. We found pervasive effects of categorization on magnitude estimations, affective stimulus evaluations, stimulus recognition, and breathing behavior. These findings indicate the need for broadening perspectives on interoception to include basal processes of stimulus organization, in order for interoceptive bias to be understood. The results are relevant to a wide range of interoception-related phenomena, from emotion to symptom perception.

    AB - Adequate perception of bodily sensations is essential to protect health. However, misinterpretation of signals from within the body is common and can be fatal, for example, in asthma or cardiovascular disease. We suggest that placing interoceptive stimuli into interoceptive categories (e.g., the category of symptoms vs. the category of benign sensations) leads to perceptual generalization effects that may underlie misinterpretation. In two studies, we presented stimuli inducing respiratory effort (respiratory loads) either organized into categories or located on a continuous dimension. We found pervasive effects of categorization on magnitude estimations, affective stimulus evaluations, stimulus recognition, and breathing behavior. These findings indicate the need for broadening perspectives on interoception to include basal processes of stimulus organization, in order for interoceptive bias to be understood. The results are relevant to a wide range of interoception-related phenomena, from emotion to symptom perception.

    KW - Categorization

    KW - Assimilation

    KW - Interoception

    KW - Affect

    KW - Dyspnea

    KW - Perception

    KW - Cognition(s)

    KW - Emotions

    KW - Associative processes

    U2 - 10.1177/0956797613519110

    DO - 10.1177/0956797613519110

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    Petersen S, Schroijen M, Mölders C, Zenker S, Van den Bergh O. Categorical Interoception: Perceptual Organization of Sensations From Inside. Psychological Science. 2014;25(5):1059-1066. Available from, DOI: 10.1177/0956797613519110