Between the State and Market: Electricity Sector Reform in Developing Countries

Tooraj Jamasb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Developing countries have had to reform technically and financially less efficient electricity sectors than developed countries with less resources and weaker institutions. This paper examines the reform experience and lessons in these countries. The paper reviews private participation and key reform steps such as restructuring, competition, and regulation. The role of contextual factors such as system size, institutional endowment, and international organizations are then discussed. It then argues that there is a need for redefining the role of the state rather than a full withdrawal from the sector and that many countries should adopt simpler reform models and gradual implementation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalUtilities Policy
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)14-30
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Electricity
  • Reform
  • Regulation

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