Back to the Future: De-sequencing Time with Video Assistant Referee Technology

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As digital technologies permeate every aspect of our life, they are essentially redefining the material foundations of life itself - time and space. In this short paper, we investigate how digital technology influences different aspects of time and related experiences. The research was inspired by a specific incident occurred in the sports setting involving the use of Video Assistance Referee (VAR) technology in a live football match, which served as a revelatory case. Our preliminary analysis reveals that the use of VAR technology exerts different effects on clock time, event time, and experiential time. The different effects lead to decoupling of time, which then triggers time dissonance, where assumptions and expectations around temporality clash and collapse. Our research sheds light on the interplay of digitalization and time on a different dimension of temporality (the relationship between past, present and future) and discusses its societal implications.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 40th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS)
EditorsHelmut Krcmar, Jane Fedorowicz, Wai Fong Boh, Jan Marco Leimeister, Sunil Wattal
Number of pages9
Place of PublicationAtlanta, GA
PublisherAssociation for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL)
Publication date2019
Article number2300
ISBN (Electronic)9780996683197
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event40th International Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2019: Information Systems - The Heart of Innovation Ecosystems - International Congress Center Munich (ICM), Munich, Germany
Duration: 15 Dec 201918 Dec 2019
Conference number: 40


Conference40th International Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2019
LocationInternational Congress Center Munich (ICM)
Internet address
SeriesProceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems


  • VAR
  • Digitalization
  • Experiential time
  • Event time
  • Societal impacts
  • Time

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