Automation, Performance and International Competition

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This paper presents new evidence on trade‐induced automation in manufacturing firms using unique data combining a retrospective survey that we have assembled with register data for 2005‐2010. In particular, we establish a causal effect where firms that have specialized in product types for which the Chinese exports to the world market has risen sharply invest more in automated capital compared to firms that have specialized in other product types. We also study the relationship between automation and firm performance and find that firms with high increases in scale and scope of automation have faster productivity growth than other firms. Moreover, automation improves the efficiency of all stages of the production process by reducing setup time, run time, and inspection time and increasing uptime and quantity produced per worker. The efficiency improvement varies by type of automation.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKøbenhavn
PublisherCopenhagen Business School, CBS
Number of pages47
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2015
SeriesWorking Paper / Department of Economics. Copenhagen Business School

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