Academic Engagement and Commercialisation: A Review of the Literature on University–Industry Relations

Markus Perkmann, Valentina Tartari, Maureen McKelvey, Erkko Autio, Anders Broström, Pablo D’Este, Riccardo Fini, Aldo Geuna, Rosa Grimaldi, Alan Hughes, Stefan Kabel, Michael Kitson, Patrick Llerena, Ammon Salter, Maurizio Sobrero

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    Abstract

    A considerable body of work highlights the relevance of collaborative research, contract research, consulting and informal relationships for university–industry knowledge transfer. We present a systematic review of research on academic scientists’ involvement in these activities to which we refer as ‘academic engagement’. Apart from extracting findings that are generalisable across studies, we ask how academic engagement differs from commercialisation, defined as intellectual property creation and academic entrepreneurship. We identify the individual, organisational and institutional antecedents and consequences of academic engagement, and then compare these findings with the antecedents and consequences of commercialisation. Apart from being more widely practiced, academic engagement is distinct from commercialisation in that it is closely aligned with traditional academic research activities, and pursued by academics to access resources supporting their research agendas. We conclude by identifying future research needs, opportunities for methodological improvement and policy interventions.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalResearch Policy
    Volume42
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)423-442
    Number of pages20
    ISSN0048-7333
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

    Cite this

    Perkmann, Markus ; Tartari, Valentina ; McKelvey, Maureen ; Autio, Erkko ; Broström, Anders ; D’Este, Pablo ; Fini, Riccardo ; Geuna, Aldo ; Grimaldi, Rosa ; Hughes, Alan ; Kabel, Stefan ; Kitson, Michael ; Llerena, Patrick ; Salter, Ammon ; Sobrero, Maurizio . / Academic Engagement and Commercialisation : A Review of the Literature on University–Industry Relations. In: Research Policy. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 423-442.
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    abstract = "A considerable body of work highlights the relevance of collaborative research, contract research, consulting and informal relationships for university–industry knowledge transfer. We present a systematic review of research on academic scientists’ involvement in these activities to which we refer as ‘academic engagement’. Apart from extracting findings that are generalisable across studies, we ask how academic engagement differs from commercialisation, defined as intellectual property creation and academic entrepreneurship. We identify the individual, organisational and institutional antecedents and consequences of academic engagement, and then compare these findings with the antecedents and consequences of commercialisation. Apart from being more widely practiced, academic engagement is distinct from commercialisation in that it is closely aligned with traditional academic research activities, and pursued by academics to access resources supporting their research agendas. We conclude by identifying future research needs, opportunities for methodological improvement and policy interventions.",
    keywords = "University–industry relations, Technology transfer, Academic entrepreneurship, Commercialisation, Collaborative research, Academic consulting",
    author = "Markus Perkmann and Valentina Tartari and Maureen McKelvey and Erkko Autio and Anders Brostr{\"o}m and Pablo D’Este and Riccardo Fini and Aldo Geuna and Rosa Grimaldi and Alan Hughes and Stefan Kabel and Michael Kitson and Patrick Llerena and Ammon Salter and Maurizio Sobrero",
    year = "2013",
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    Perkmann, M, Tartari, V, McKelvey, M, Autio, E, Broström, A, D’Este, P, Fini, R, Geuna, A, Grimaldi, R, Hughes, A, Kabel, S, Kitson, M, Llerena, P, Salter, A & Sobrero, M 2013, 'Academic Engagement and Commercialisation: A Review of the Literature on University–Industry Relations', Research Policy, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 423-442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007

    Academic Engagement and Commercialisation : A Review of the Literature on University–Industry Relations. / Perkmann, Markus ; Tartari, Valentina; McKelvey, Maureen ; Autio, Erkko ; Broström, Anders; D’Este, Pablo ; Fini, Riccardo ; Geuna, Aldo ; Grimaldi, Rosa ; Hughes, Alan; Kabel, Stefan; Kitson, Michael; Llerena, Patrick; Salter, Ammon ; Sobrero, Maurizio .

    In: Research Policy, Vol. 42, No. 2, 03.2013, p. 423-442.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

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    T1 - Academic Engagement and Commercialisation

    T2 - A Review of the Literature on University–Industry Relations

    AU - Perkmann, Markus

    AU - Tartari, Valentina

    AU - McKelvey, Maureen

    AU - Autio, Erkko

    AU - Broström, Anders

    AU - D’Este, Pablo

    AU - Fini, Riccardo

    AU - Geuna, Aldo

    AU - Grimaldi, Rosa

    AU - Hughes, Alan

    AU - Kabel, Stefan

    AU - Kitson, Michael

    AU - Llerena, Patrick

    AU - Salter, Ammon

    AU - Sobrero, Maurizio

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    AB - A considerable body of work highlights the relevance of collaborative research, contract research, consulting and informal relationships for university–industry knowledge transfer. We present a systematic review of research on academic scientists’ involvement in these activities to which we refer as ‘academic engagement’. Apart from extracting findings that are generalisable across studies, we ask how academic engagement differs from commercialisation, defined as intellectual property creation and academic entrepreneurship. We identify the individual, organisational and institutional antecedents and consequences of academic engagement, and then compare these findings with the antecedents and consequences of commercialisation. Apart from being more widely practiced, academic engagement is distinct from commercialisation in that it is closely aligned with traditional academic research activities, and pursued by academics to access resources supporting their research agendas. We conclude by identifying future research needs, opportunities for methodological improvement and policy interventions.

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    KW - Technology transfer

    KW - Academic entrepreneurship

    KW - Commercialisation

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    DO - 10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007

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    ER -