In this paper we explore the implications of normative principles for the evaluation of population health. We formalize those principles as axioms for social preferences over distributions of health for a given population. We single out several focal population health evaluation functions, which represent social preferences, as a result of combinations of those axioms. Our results provide new rationale for popular theories in health economics, such as the unweighted aggregation of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) or healthy years equivalents (HYEs) and generalizations of the two, aimed to capture concerns for distributive justice, without resorting to controversial assumptions on individual preferences.
- Population health
- Social preferences
Hougaard, J. L., Moreno-Ternero, J. D., & Østerdal, L. P. (2013). A New Axiomatic Approach to the Evaluation of Population Health. Journal of Health Economics, 32(3), 515–523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.01.006