Til glæde og gavn? Speciale om Danmarks udvælgelse af kvoteflygtninge

Katrine Syppli Kohl

Studenteropgave: Kandidatafhandlinger


The criteria for the Danish selection of quota refugees for resettlement were altered by the introduction of L 403 of June 1, 2005. The law stipulated that henceforth “the applicant's chances of settling in Denmark and benefiting from a residence permit” should be taken into account. The so-called “integration potential” of a refugee is to be judged by officials of the Danish Immigration Service during a personal interview in the country of first asylum assessing factors such as language skills, educational background, work experience, familial situation, network, age, and motivation. The thesis explores how different rationalities make the Danish resettlement practice possible. The questions answered are: What ideal of government can be found in problematizations of the quota refugee in connection with the law of 2005? How is the quota refugee objectified and by which technologies does the government seek to govern his or her process of integration? How were the criteria used during a quota travel to Nepal in 2008? Drawing on Michel Foucault - notably his concepts of problematization, dispositifs or regimes of practice, biopolitics, power as productive and working through subjectivation and of the illiberal strategies inherent in liberal governmental rationalities – the thesis explores the Danish resettlement practice from a perspective of government. The thesis shows the refugee as a hybrid figure that is subject to different norms. The change in selection practice demonstrates that other rationalities e.g. the refugee as subject of care or subject of rights have been subjugated by a rationality of security that views the refugee as a risk. The problematizations of the quota refugee shows that the very same features – e.g. traumatization – that makes the refugee a paradigmatic subject of care are seen as enlarging his risk to society. From the point of view of among other factors an economic rationality, „the national order of things‟ and an ethno-cultural integration strategy it appears obvious to attempt to select the refugees to care for in a way that allows their perceived risk to be managed. The new approach to refugee selection has thus been made possible by the mediation of the concept of „risk‟. By changing perspective from the refugee‟s past and current situation to his future level of risk refugees can be divided and classified on the basis of a scale of integration potential - and with reference to the welfare of society some refugees can be denied help. To do so the administration must engage in what the thesis calls „social divination‟ - the utopian game of „crystal-balling‟ the future of the quota applicants. Parallel with the selection of refugees are a range of conscious attempts to mold the refugee to a certain type of liberal subject who assumes responsibility for his or her own process of integration while accepting Denmark “as it is”. This goal is sought accomplished by technologies such as the Declaration regarding the conditions for resettlement in Denmark, briefings and cultural-orientation courses.

UddannelserCand.soc.pkl Politisk Kommunikation og Ledelse, (Kandidatuddannelse) Afsluttende afhandling
Antal sider75