Blockchain Smart Contracts For International Trade: A Transaction Cost Analysis

Philip Wier Højlund & Lasse Schriver Nielsen

Studenteropgave: Kandidatafhandlinger

Abstrakt

International trade may be facing a new cost revolution with the emergence of blockchain-enabled smart contracts. Claims that they can reduce transaction costs are becoming widely accepted, but international trade transactions can be complex. Using transaction cost economics, we answer how smart contracts can govern transactions in international trade. This paper is a maximum variation case study of international trade primarily based on 36 interviews with smart contract and industry experts. We identify characteristics of complex transactions based on transaction cost economics and build three hypothetical trade scenarios of simple, mixed, and complex transactions based on standard industry practices. We argue that smart contracts can be used to economise on transaction costs for transactions of simple to mixed complexity, particularly with the help of renegotiation mechanisms, but do not eliminate the need for integration in complex transactions. Design principles are extrapolated, and implications for practice are discussed

UddannelserCand.merc.pol International Business and Politics, (Kandidatuddannelse) Afsluttende afhandlingCand.merc.ib International Business, (Kandidatuddannelse) Afsluttende afhandling
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato2019
Antal sider93
VejledereJuan Camilo Giraldo Mora & Nicolai Pogrebnyakov