In the realm of the post-independence economic integration process in Sub-Saharan Africa, intra-regional trade intensity for the African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) has remained low. The average share of intra-regional exports in Africa’s total exports was about 11 percent during the period 2000-2012 (Ncube, Brixiova, & Meng, 2014). The intra-REC co- movement of industrial outputs has been affected by high transportation costs in Sub-Saharan Africa, varying from 15 to 20 percent of import costs (Teravaninthorn & Raballand, 2009). As a policy response to the unbalanced economic growth structure of the REC micro- geographies, transport corridor as an integrated policy approach in economic infrastructure planning has gained importance in the second half of the 1990s and the total number of transport corridors increased to nineteen in the geographies of Sub-Saharan Africa over the past two decades. Among nineteen transport corridors, North-South Corridor Programme, launched by the three African RECs – COMESA, SADC, and EAC - in 2009, has been endorsed by the economic development communities as the most promising corridor programme to unlock unutilized economic potential through decreasing trade transaction costs (e.g., transit transportation costs), particularly for the landlocked countries in the Eastern and Southern Africa Region. With focus on the North-South Corridor Programme, the present research revealed the spatial, political, and operational bottlenecks impeding the efficiency of the North-South Corridor Programme through the following key aspects: (I) Political geography of the corridor location; (II) Transit transportation infrastructure quality and transit trade and transport regimes; and (III) transportation governance issues with regard to the multi-country cross- border corridor management. Furthermore, the research theorized a replicable multi-layered analytical framework for executing policy analysis on multi-country cross-border transport corridor studies.
|Uddannelser||Cand.merc.Business, Language and Culture - Business and Development Studies, (Kandidatuddannelse) Afsluttende afhandling|