There are disagreements as to the continued relevance of localized knowledge spillovers for the clustering of firms when there are more international linkages in the research performed in many high-technology industries. It is therefore debated whether globalization mechanisms will make some locations more specialized or more diversified in terms of research competence. This thesis studies how the research competence of the Swedish pharmaceutical industry changed over the three decades between 1980 and 2009. It also studies how some international linkages in research evolved during the same period of time. The main findings are that although the research competence became more evenly dispersed over some therapeutic areas, it was still restricted to a limited number of areas. These findings are discussed in terms of the importance of localized knowledge spillovers for the research competence of a region.
|Uddannelser||Cand.merc.pol International Business and Politics, (Kandidatuddannelse) Afsluttende afhandling|